Hippie Dictionary: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the 1960s and 1970s, Revised and Expanded Edition
by John Bassett McCleary
Whether you lived through the sixties and seventies or just wish you had, this revised and expanded edition of the Hippie Dictionary entertains as much as it educates.
Cultural and political listings such as "Age of Aquarius," "Ceasar Chavez," and "Black Power Movement," plus popular phrases like "acid flashback," "get a grip," and "are you for real?" will remind you of how revolutionary those 20 years were.
Although the hippie era spans two decades beginning with the approval of the birth control pill in 1960 and ending with the death of John Lennon in 1980, it wasn't all about sex, drugs, and rock'n' roll. These were the early years of pro-ecology and anti-capitalist beliefs-beliefs that are just as timely as ever. So kick back and trip out on the new entries as well as the old, and discover why some are dubbing the sixties and seventies "the intellectual renaissance of the 20th century.
An Excerpt from the Book
hippie a member of a counterculture that began appearing in the early 1960s, which expressed a moral rejection of the established society. Derived from the word hip, meaning roughly “in the know,” or “aware.” Numerous theories abound as to the origin of this word. One of the most credible involves the beatniks, who abandoned North Beach, San Francisco, to flee commercialism in the early 1960s. Many of them moved to the Haight-Ashbury area of San Francisco, where they were idolized and emulated by the young University of San Francisco students in the neighborhood. The beats (the hip people) started calling these students “hippies,” or younger versions of themselves. Actually, the counterculture seldom called itself hippies; it was the media and straight society who popularized the term. Most often, we called ourselves freaks or heads. Not until later did we begin calling ourselves hippies, and by then we were "aging hippies." An alternate spelling seldom used by people in the know was “hippy.” (See: freak and head)
freak a self-denigrating term used by hippies to describe themselves. Early on, the hippie counterculture was characterized as “a freak of society” by the straight culture, so, in defiance, hippies adopt the word freak and used it themselves. In some uses, it was spelled “freek.” During the hippie era, most hippies did not refer to themselves as hippies; we often called ourselves freaks. Hippie is what everyone else called us.
flower power the power of peaceful, nonviolent action. Pacifism, the turning of one’s cheek, the religion of righteousness and believing that what is right will eventually prevail. The nature of a flower is quiet tenacity, a strong self-preservation hidden by delicate beauty and sensitivity; this is the spirit of the liberal intellectual human being called the hippie.
Kent State University at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, on May 4, 1970 (12:24 p.m.), four young people were killed and nine others wounded when National Guardsmen fired on student anti-war demonstrators. William Schroeder, Allison B. Krause, Sandra Scheuer and Jeffrey Glenn Miller were killed, and Dean R. Kahler, one of the wounded, was paralyzed for life. (See: Anti-War Events, Groups and Leaders starting on page 562 in Lists at the back of this book)
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